The types of industrial automation

types of industrial automation cover

Industrial automation is a term that covers a variety of automation technologies that are used on production lines to increase quality and production, while reducing production costs. Industrial automation is a broad term that covers a variety of technologies, each of which has a particular application on a production line. Here are different types of industrial automation we used on production lines.

Hard automation or Fixed automation

type of industrial automation - hard

This type of automation, as the name implies, is the least adaptable and is frequently used to do repeated operations with dedicated equipment in order to enhance production efficiency and throughput rates. These processes are fixed and cannot undergo any changes, but they are very fast, precise, safe and with high production rates. Assembly lines in the automotive sector are examples of fixed automation.

This type of automation is the most economical.


type of industrial automation - programmable

This form of automation works well for batches of items where the automated system’s instructions alter over time depending on which product is being produced. For each batch, the control program can be reprogrammed with the given specifications as well as the required processing tasks and sequencing. This process takes time because, in most situations, the equipment must be changed as well. Programmable automation is often used for medium volumes but can also be used for low or high volumes when economics are justified. Industrial robots are an example of programmable automation.


type of industrial automation - soft

this system is often referred to as soft automation. It is similar to programmable automation in that it provides flexibility for product changeovers. The big advantage of flexible automation is that it is possible to configure a machine to suit a new product in a short time. As a result, changing configuration from one thing to another takes almost no time. There is no need to carry out the products in different batches because no time is lost updating the system or changing the physical configuration of the machines with this sort of automation. This form of automation is ideal for medium-sized productions. CNC machines are an example of flexible automation.

Since its creation by engineers in the mid-twentieth century, automation has made amazing progress, bringing with it both benefits and obstacles. Automation can now handle extremely complicated operations, resulting in enormous volumes of high-quality products at a low cost with few or no errors. Its implementation, however, is hampered by the hefty initial setup costs. Economic and technological obstacles also limit its advancement. There are fears that it will supplant human labor, leaving an increasing number of people jobless. The benefits, on the other hand, exceed the drawbacks. Automation is good for the world.

HSE engineers and technicians are well experienced in the design, supply and installation of all kinds of industrial automation solutions. 

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